Exodus: Gods and Kings

by Melanie Bockmann

Maybe you're headed to the movies over Christmas break, and you're wondering, "Is that new film Exodus: Gods and Kings any good?" Well, I've had a chance to check it out, and I have the scoop for you...


In director Ridley Scott's version of the story of Moses and the Exodus, the drama begins in Pharaoh's palace, where Moses and Ramses have grown up together and now, as adults, are as close as brothers. Moses--along with almost everyone else--doesn't know he is actually a Hebrew. Although he has spent his life learning Egyptian ways, Moses doesn't believe in any kind of god, Egyptian or otherwise, and he rolls his eyes over Pharaoh's trust in the oracle's prophecies about future leaders. However, things become increasingly complicated: Pharaoh dies, leaving the throne to Ramses, who is an unfit ruler; Moses discovers he is a Hebrew, and when he ventures down into the Hebrew dwellings to investigate his history, he ends up killing in self-defense; a conniving viceroy who has a vendetta against Moses tells Ramses about the killing, Moses' sister, Miriam, finds herself on the receiving end of Ramses' anger, and the whole mess blows up, resulting in Moses being sent into exile. Exile, however, doesn't turn out to be so bad when he meets a beautiful young girl named Zipporah and her family in Midian, and Moses trades his posh upbringing for love--and the simple life of a shepherd. But the story is not over. Moses may not believe in God, but one day during a violent storm, God shows up...and that is just the beginning...

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Postmodern Art

By Unkown Author

Postmodern art is an artistic movement that typically is described as either arising after or in response to modern art. Although this term enjoys widespread usage, there is disagreement among critics about whether postmodern art actually exists as a distinct movement or whether it is simply a later phase of modern art. Dates that have been proposed as marking the beginning of the postmodern movement include 1914 in Europe and 1962 or 1968 in the United States. Trends in postmodern art include pastiche, appropriation and the use of an ironic affect.

Critical definitions of postmodern art differ regarding whether postmodernism, if it exists at all, is a historical condition or an intentional movement. It can be seen as the collection of characteristics of the current era, as in the former definition, or as art that reacts to and challenges modernism in the latter. Thematically, works of art that are classified as postmodern often address consumer culture, popular culture, globalization, the juxtaposition of high and low art and the role and value of art in society.

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What Is Post-Modernist Art?

By Encyclopedia of Art

Definition of Postmodernist Art:

An avant-garde form of contemporary art, postmodernism has been described as "A late 20th Century style and conceptual theory in the arts and architecture, characterized by a general distrust of ideologies as well as a rather 'difficult' relationship with what constitutes art".
It sounds pretty simple. It's only when you start digging and uncover tricky concepts like "modernity" (not the same as modernism) and "post-modernity" (different to postmodernism) that your head starts to spin. So let's skip the complex stuff and focus on a few essentials. Art historians, curators and PhD students of contemporary aesthetics, can stop here.

Characteristics of Postmodernist Art

Before explaining postmodernist art, let's talk about modern art - the style it replaced.

Modern Artists Believe Life and/or Art Has Meaning

Modern art is usually associated with the era 1860-1960s - basically from Impressionism to half-way through the Pop-Art movement. Modern artists (like all practitioners of modernism) believed in the fundamental scientific laws of reason and rational thought. They also believed that life had meaning - at least until the senseless butchery of World War I. (But see also Dada.) Even afterwards, they still believed that sufficient meaning could be rediscovered by a combination of unprejudiced rational thought and art. (A good example is Surrealism.)

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